The res­id­en­tial area of Tikal cov­ers an estim­ated 60 square kilo­metres , much of which has not yet been cleared, mapped, or excav­ated. A huge set of earth­works has been dis­covered ringing Tikal with a 6-metres wide trench behind a ram­part. The 16 square kilo­metres area around the site core has been intens­ively mapped it may have enclosed an area of some 125 square kilo­metres. Pop­u­la­tion estim­ates place the demo­graph­ic size of the site between 10,000 and 90,000, and pos­sibly 425,000 in the sur­round­ing area. Recently, a pro­ject explor­ing the defens­ive earth­works has shown that the scale of the earth­works is highly vari­able and that in many places it is incon­sequen­tial as a defens­ive fea­ture. In addi­tion, some parts of the earth­work were integ­rated into a canal sys­tem. The earth­work of Tikal var­ies sig­ni­fic­antly in cov­er­age from what was ori­gin­ally pro­posed and it is much more com­plex and mul­ti­fa­ceted than ori­gin­ally thought.

Our digit­al recon­struc­tion con­cen­trates on the 5 largest temples named Temples I — V at the cent­ral area as well as the Great Pyr­am­id of the Lost World- area.